Federal Opposition Leader Erin O’Toole has launched a charm offensive to win over unionized workers normally treated as lepers or enemies by modern North American “conservative” parties.
A key policy in the Conservative Party of Canada’s platform, Mr. O’Toole insisted yesterday, will be to require about 100 corporations under federal jurisdiction to have at least one voting board member to represent workers, starting in 2022.
Of course, regardless of how those members are chosen, having a single voice on a corporate board would not give working people “a real voice,” or any kind of voice at all. Indeed, it would most likely have the opposite effect in that it would give corporate directors an excuse to ignore what their workers have to say.
“You have a representative on the board,” I can hear a company spokesthingy smugly telling unhappy employees, “and he agrees with us.”
If you’re a Canadian working person, when you hear Mr. O’Toole’s promise, you’re supposed to think of Western European countries like Denmark, Germany, Norway and Sweden.
To see what’s likely to go awry with Mr. O’Toole’s proposal, though, we need only take a quick look at how legislatively mandated worker board representation actually works in the Western European countries that have adopted it.
Naturally, there are differences in laws from place to place. There is no single European model for this policy. But the most significant distinction among Western European countries that have adopted this measure is that the size of board representation is consistently dramatically higher than the token gesture Mr. O’Toole is proposing.
That fully one third of the board members should be representatives of the workers appears to be the norm. And in several countries, that’s a minimum.
In other words, not one representative, but one third of all board representatives!
This is the case in Sweden and Norway. In Finland, the required quota is set at a less generous 20 per cent. In Germany and Slovenia, the number is between 33 per cent and 50 per cent; in Denmark, between 33 per cent and 66 per cent. The bigger the company, in Germany, Denmark and Slovenia, the higher the percentage is supposed to be.
Unlike the others mentioned so far, Austria applies its 33-per-cent rule only to private companies.
I wonder how Mr. O’Toole’s corporate backers would react to a proposal that a third – or even a fifth, as required by the incremental Finns – of their board members must come from among the working class?
I think we all understand how likely this is to be accepted by the Canadian corporate elite. They would threaten to decamp for Tennessee or Texas faster than you could say “right to work,” and a hypothetical O’Toole government would fold like a nylon tent.
Several other European countries, by the way, mandate 33-per-cent board representation only on publicly owned corporations – Czechia, France, Hungary, Ireland, Luxemborg, Poland, and Slovakia. And it’s fair to ask how this well works in practice in Hungary, a virtual dictatorship under Stephen Harper’s favourite European leader, Viktor Orban.
And whence would Mr. O’Toole’s lonely Canadian worker representatives be found? Surely not from among the elected leaders of the workers’ trade unions, as happens in Germany!
Tried once in the U.S. at Chrysler Corp. in 1980, the presence of a single worker representative on the auto maker’s board “did not translate into meaningful results for workers,” wrote political economist Susan R. Holmberg in the New York Times in 2019. Just the same, Chrysler eliminated the union seat on its board in 1991.
As practiced in Germany where the concept is widely accepted, Dr. Holmberg observed, it “was never simply about wages and profits. It is about giving workers more power.” How well do you think that will go over with the typical Canadian CEO?
Mr. O’Toole is not forthcoming with details, but we can take it as given that giving workers real power is not part of the Conservative plan.
And unions aren’t going to be given a role either – indeed, as noted above, the existence of the powerless and co-opted worker rep would be held up as an excuse to prevent working people from having unions, and to ignore them when they do anyway.
So, you can count on it there will be no “union bosses,” as Conservatives love to call democratically elected union leaders, on Mr. O’Toole’s oh-so-slightly restructured boards. Likewise, there is no suggestion or explanation of how these worker representatives could be held accountable by the workers they supposedly represent.
The Canadian Labour Congress called the Conservative proposal “short on details.”
I’ll say! It isn’t worth the shimmering electrons used to transmit it to our screens!
“Mr. O’Toole’s record is one of attacking workers and weakening unions,” said CLC President Beatrice Bruske. “His opportunistic rhetoric and empty promises today do nothing to change that.”
She suggested the Conservative leader won’t provide details “because he knows full well his policy has no teeth and is a non-starter for these companies.”
So if Mr. O’Toole is serious about this, he can demonstrate his good will by actually answering four questions raised by the CLC:
- Would worker representatives have the same rights and powers as other board directors?
- Would they have access to the same financial and corporate information?
- Can he name any CEOs of a federally regulated company he has spoken to who welcome worker scrutiny of topics like executive compensation?
- What sanctions would he impose on companies that refuse to comply?
In the unlikely event Mr. O’Toole’s promise were kept, this policy would almost certainly be harmful. About the best a working person could hope for is that it would be meaningless.
So let’s get real, people. Whatever we think a Conservative government in Ottawa would do, it’s not going to be something that would improve the lives of Canadian workers.