PHOTOS: Transgender teacher Jan Buterman (Metro Newspapers photo). Below: Duncan Kinney of Progress Alberta, the former Pope Benedict, and David Keohane, Superintendent of Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools.

ST. ALBERT, Alberta

The St. Albert Catholic school board has spent at least $367,188 of taxpayer money to keep a transgender former teacher named Jan Buterman from ever working there again.

Whatever the Roman Catholic Church’s doctrine is on the question of whether people should be able to transition from one gender to another – and that’s vague enough to argue this isn’t a theological question, let alone a moral one – it hardly seems like a good use of what are really public tax dollars.

Mr. Buterman was a woman before 2008, employed as a substitute teacher by Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools in a bedroom suburb just northwest of Edmonton. When he transitioned genders to become a man in 2008, he was removed from the board’s substitutes’ list and fired. Not long before, he had received a letter from the school board lauding his abilities as a teacher.

Mr. Buterman complained to the Alberta Human Rights Commission about his treatment in 2009.

Ever since, the board has been spending taxpayer money on lawyers to prevent him from teaching at its schools again – $63,878 in 2009, $118,803.50 in 2010, $27,503 in 2011, $21,239 in 2011, $58,831.50 in 2012, and $98,172 in 2013.

So if you’re a St. Albert Catholic school taxpayer, this is what a goodly amount of your tax dollars are being used for.

We know this much, by the way, thanks only to a Freedom of Information request filed by Duncan Kinney, executive director of the Progress Alberta advocacy group and author of commentary at

But while the nearly $370,000 Progress Alberta discovered the board has spent is a significant sum, it’s far from the end of the matter, because the board continues its fight, as Mr. Kinney put it in his blog, “to ensure that a 100 percent publicly funded school board really can fire a teacher for being trans.”

So there will be more bills for St. Albert Catholic school supporters to pay for the simple reason the legal battle is not over. Given the costs to date, it is easily possible the bill will rise above half a million dollars.

According to a 2014 report of the Canadian Press, the board’s arguments were initially upheld by a Human Rights panel, then overturned by the chief of the commission. The board sought judicial review of that decision, but did not get the answer it wanted from Justice Sheila Greckol of the Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench.

“Five years have passed since the school board terminated Mr. Buterman. The voluminous and continual retreading of arguments at the commission, as well as this application for early judicial intervention on thin grounds, has served only to delay the hearing on the merits,” Justice Greckol wrote in her judgment.

“Human rights process is not only for the lion-hearted and well-heeled conversant with litigation, but also for the timorous and impecunious – for all Albertans,” she wrote in her ruling. “The expeditious resolution of complaints becomes an issue of access to justice; justice delayed is justice denied.”

That hasn’t stopped the board’s maneuvering in the case, however.

According to Mr. Kinney, “the legal strategy of the St. Albert Catholic school board and their lawyers seems to be to delay the process, bully the defendant, say as little as possible and continue to appeal.” He noted in his blog that the board has requested highly personal documents from Mr. Buterman, including all medical records from his family physician, the entire clinical file from any psychologist, psychiatrist or psychotherapist he ever dealt with, and income tax returns from the completion of his education degree to the present.

What’s the basis for that strategy? Well, we won’t find out from the board now, because superintendent David Keohane says the board won’t comment since the appeal remains before the courts.

Aside from questions of legal strategy, the theological and moral foundations of this fight are murky. According to information included in Justice Greckol’s ruling, reported by the Canadian Press in January 2014, a letter sent to Mr. Buterman by deputy superintendent Steve Bayus after he had conferred with the Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Edmonton said that “the teaching of the Catholic Church is that persons cannot change their gender.”

While Christian Scriptural doctrine on this topic is really pretty skimpy – presumably because the matter didn’t come up very often any time between the Iron Age and the Roman Empire, the approximate span of the Old and New Testaments – this appears to be true. Leastways, if you believe everything you read on the Internet, there’s a confidential Vatican document out there somewhere that argues a sex-change operation can’t really change a person’s sex, plus a passing reference in 2014 to the essential nature of the gender one is born with by Pope Benedict XVI.

Well, OK. So wouldn’t the sensible way, the legal way, the morally defensible way, for a religious school board to deal with a transsexual teacher be simply to say: “You think you’re one thing, we think you’re another, we’ll just have to agree to disagree while you get back to the classroom and continue teaching”?

Seriously, any church is welcome to worry about the essential nature of man and woman if it wishes to, but there just ain’t no Eleventh Commandment dealing with this topic!

That wouldn’t satisfy everyone on either side, of course, but at least it would stanch the flow of tax dollars to wasteful litigation and redirect them back to education, not to mention bring the school board into compliance with the law of the land. Indeed, as someone said, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marvelled at him.

Alas, that is not what passes for wisdom in the offices of Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools.

“The letter went on to say that the school division was bound by the teachings of the church and that it intentionally hired teachers who were models of those teachings,” the Canadian Press report explained. “Bayus wrote that Buterman’s sex change was not aligned with the teachings of the church and would create confusion with students and parents.”

The first sentence must have caused a ripple of laughter in Catholic school teachers’ lounges. The second underestimates the ability of students and parents alike to cope with change.

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    1. Human rights may very well not prevail here. Mr. Buterman entered into a (still disputed) settlement agreement that he appealed to the Alta Human Rights Commission (& lost that appeal) then appealed to Justice Lee at Alta Queen’s Bench (& lost that appeal), and now has that appeal in progress to the Alta Court of Appeal (& if not successful, then likely his settlement agreement stands & his legal process is over, & the St. Albert School Board wins & Mr. B loses and does not get any further days at Alta HRC nor in court). Result? Mr. B ‘s case never gets to a hearing on the merits & St. Albert School District gets Mr. B fired on grounds of his being trans & gets away with it, & no further coverage of the issue as their “hush clause” gets invoked.

      1. This is completely unacceptable to me. Granted I am not Christian, but I am a taxpayer in the Edmonton area and it does confirm my belief that religion should not be a factor when it comes to tax $.I am really disgusted with Alberta Human Rights and their lack of ability to stand up and do what is right. Is the person a good teacher? That is the important question that has to be answered When employed as a teacher only the teaching is the domain of the school. It is a sad situation in 2016 and I have concerns about the children who maybe struggling with transgender issues. I hope that someone stands up and corrects this ignorance.

  1. This is why our hard earned money should not be used to support private schools or religious-based schools.

    The province should not be using tax dollars to brainwash students into the Catholic faith or any other religion for that matter.

    Whatever happened to the separation of church and state?

    I remember an instance decades ago when the Catholic School Board fired a female teacher because she had a child out of wedlock. Had she opted for a quiet/discrete abortion she could have kept her job. Alas, being a good Catholic teacher she chose to have the child, and the good Catholic school board administrators fired her anyway.

    Here, they spent $367,000 to do what? Last time I checked school boards were about education and not for defending a stupid ideology at all costs. Oh, well, we can’t have transgendered teacher infecting the minds of little Catholic kids can we? I guess they leave that up to pedophile priests.

    1. Arguably, Canadians never had the separation of church and state, or, if we do, it is by convention and not law. Our American cousins do. Their Masonic Founding fathers made sure of that, though after many years of an increasingly privatized, marketized education system, shocking numbers of them don’t know basic facts of their own history or other core topics, like science.

      1. In fact, if I recall my Canadian history correctly, much of Canadian history before Confederation, as well as much of the first half-century or so post-Confederation, was preoccupied with managing a delicate compromise between Catholics and Protestants. The Orange Lodge was highly influential in Upper Canada (later Ontario), while until the 1960s and the Quiet Revolution, the Roman Catholic Church was virtually a branch of the Lower Canada (Quebec) government. Further West, both Catholic and Protestant churches were hired by the federal government to run the residential school system… and we all know how well that turned out.

        So, while unlike the “Mother Country” (Great Britain), Canada has never had an established state religion, there is no explicit separation of church and state in this country. Instead, it has evolved over time, mostly since the end of the Second World War, and in a very genteel, very Canadian way.

        As for the issue described in your story, I was most disappointed with the reaction of this fellow’s union, the Alberta Teachers’ Association, which withdrew its support for his case. Whatever happened to “duty of fair representation”? I certainly would not expect UNA to act that way.

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